#
nLab

NS-brane

### Context

#### String theory

### Ingredients

### Critical string models

### Extended objects

### Topological strings

## Backgrounds

## Phenomenology

# Contents

## Idea

In string theory the *NS-branes* are

These are also called the **F1-brane** and the **F5-brane**, respectively, for *fundamental brane* .

To be distinguished from the D-branes in type II string theory and from the M-branes in 11-dimensional supergravity.

## Properties

### Charges and background fields

The fundamental string carries electric charge under the background gauge field called the Kalb-Ramond field/B-field.

The NS5-brane carries magnetic charge under this field.

Notice how this relates the dimensions. The B-field is a circle 2-bundle with connection hence has higher parallel transport over 2-dimensional surfaces: the $(1+1)$-dimensional worldsheet of the string. Its EM dual in the ambient 10-dimensional supergravity spacetime is a circle 6-bundle with connection with higher parallel transport over the $5+1$-dimensional worldvolume of the NS5-brane.

**Table of branes appearing in supergravity/string theory** (for classification see at *brane scan*).

brane | in supergravity | charged under gauge field | has worldvolume theory |
---|

**black brane** | supergravity | higher gauge field | SCFT |

**D-brane** | type II | RR-field | super Yang-Mills theory |

**$(D = 2n)$** | type IIA | $\,$ | $\,$ |

D0-brane | $\,$ | $\,$ | BFSS matrix model |

D2-brane | $\,$ | $\,$ | $\,$ |

D4-brane | $\,$ | $\,$ | D=5 super Yang-Mills theory with Khovanov homology observables |

D6-brane | $\,$ | $\,$ | |

D8-brane | $\,$ | $\,$ | |

**$(D = 2n+1)$** | type IIB | $\,$ | $\,$ |

D(-1)-brane | $\,$ | $\,$ | $\,$ |

D1-brane | $\,$ | $\,$ | 2d CFT with BH entropy |

D3-brane | $\,$ | $\,$ | N=4 D=4 super Yang-Mills theory |

D5-brane | $\,$ | $\,$ | $\,$ |

D7-brane | $\,$ | $\,$ | $\,$ |

D9-brane | $\,$ | $\,$ | $\,$ |

(p,q)-string | $\,$ | $\,$ | $\,$ |

(D25-brane) | (bosonic string theory) | | |

**NS-brane** | type I, II, heterotic | circle n-connection | $\,$ |

string | $\,$ | B2-field | 2d SCFT |

NS5-brane | $\,$ | B6-field | little string theory |

**M-brane** | 11D SuGra/M-theory | circle n-connection | $\,$ |

M2-brane | $\,$ | C3-field | ABJM theory, BLG model |

M5-brane | $\,$ | C6-field | 6d (2,0)-superconformal QFT |

M9-brane/O9-plane | | | heterotic string theory |

M-wave | | | |

topological M2-brane | topological M-theory | C3-field on G2-manifold | |

topological M5-brane | $\,$ | C6-field on G2-manifold | |

**solitons** on M5-brane | 6d (2,0)-superconformal QFT | | |

self-dual string | | self-dual B-field | |

3-brane in 6d | | | |

## References

Revised on October 15, 2011 00:07:06
by

Urs Schreiber
(109.144.219.241)