nLab
positronium

Contents

Context

Fields and quanta

fields and particles in particle physics

and in the standard model of particle physics:

force field gauge bosons

scalar bosons

matter field fermions (spinors, Dirac fields)

flavors of fundamental fermions in the
standard model of particle physics:
generation of fermions1st generation2nd generation3d generation
quarks (qq)
up-typeup quark (uu)charm quark (cc)top quark (tt)
down-typedown quark (dd)strange quark (ss)bottom quark (bb)
leptons
chargedelectronmuontauon
neutralelectron neutrinomuon neutrinotau neutrino
bound states:
mesonslight mesons:
pion (udu d)
ρ-meson (udu d)
ω-meson (udu d)
f1-meson
a1-meson
strange-mesons:
ϕ-meson (ss¯s \bar s),
kaon, K*-meson (usu s, dsd s)
eta-meson (uu+dd+ssu u + d d + s s)

charmed heavy mesons:
D-meson (uc u c, dcd c, scs c)
J/ψ-meson (cc¯c \bar c)
bottom heavy mesons:
B-meson (qbq b)
ϒ-meson (bb¯b \bar b)
baryonsnucleons:
proton (uud)(u u d)
neutron (udd)(u d d)

(also: antiparticles)

effective particles

hadrons (bound states of the above quarks)

solitons

in grand unified theory

minimally extended supersymmetric standard model

superpartners

bosinos:

sfermions:

dark matter candidates

Exotica

auxiliary fields

Contents

Idea

In quantum electrodynamics, positronium is a bound state of an electron with a positron (in contrast to that of an electron with a proton, which is a hydrogen atom).

References

  • Paul Hoyer, Chapter II of: Bound states – from QED to QCD, Lectures at “Mini-school on theoretical methods in particle physics” at the Higgs Centre for Theoretical Physics, University of Edinburgh on 30 September to 4 October 2013 (arXiv:1402.5005)

  • Paul Hoyer, Chapter V of: Journey to the Bound States (arXiv:2101.06721)

  • Xingbo Zhao, Kaiyu Fu, Hengfei Zhao, James P. Vary, Positronium: an illustration of nonperturbative renormalization in a basis light-front approach (arXiv:2103.06719)

See also:

Last revised on March 12, 2021 at 00:48:33. See the history of this page for a list of all contributions to it.