giant graviton



String theory

Fields and quanta

field (physics)

standard model of particle physics

force field gauge bosons

scalar bosons

matter field fermions (spinors, Dirac fields)

flavors of fundamental fermions in the
standard model of particle physics:
generation of fermions1st generation2nd generation3d generation
quarks (qq)
up-typeup quark (uu)charm quark (cc)top quark (tt)
down-typedown quark (dd)strange quark (ss)bottom quark (bb)
neutralelectron neutrinomuon neutrinotau neutrino
bound states:
mesonslight mesons:
pion (udu d)
ρ-meson (udu d)
ω-meson (udu d)
ϕ-meson (ss¯s \bar s),
kaon, K*-meson (usu s, dsd s)
eta-meson (uu+dd+ssu u + d d + s s)

charmed heavy mesons:
D-meson (uc u c, dcd c, scs c)
J/ψ-meson (cc¯c \bar c)
bottom heavy mesons:
B-meson (qbq b)
ϒ-meson (bb¯b \bar b)
proton (uud)(u u d)
neutron (udd)(u d d)

(also: antiparticles)

effective particles

hadron (bound states of the above quarks)


minimally extended supersymmetric standard model




dark matter candidates


auxiliary fields



In string theory, the term giant graviton refers to wrapped brane-configurations which behave like massless relativistic particles, notably gravitons.


In the BMN matrix model

The supersymmetric classical solutions of the BMN matrix model are configurations of fuzzy 2-spheres, corresponding to M2-brane-giant gravitons (BMN 02 (5.4), DSJVR 02).


The concept was introduced in

for branes in anti de Sitter spacetime times an n-sphere and generalized to other near horizon geometries in

  • S. R. Das, S. P.. Trivedi, S. Vaidya, Magnetic Moments of Branes and Giant Gravitons, JHEP 0010 (2000) 037 (arXiv:hep-th/0008203)

  • Andrei Mikhailov, Giant Gravitons from Holomorphic Surfaces, JHEP 0011 (2000) 027 (arXiv:hep-th/0010206)

  • J. M. Camino, A.V. Ramallo, Giant Gravitons with NSNS B field, JHEP 0109:012,2001 (arXiv:hep-th/0107142)

Further discussion:

  • Akikazu Hashimoto, Shinji Hirano, N. Itzhaki, Large branes in AdS and their field theory dual, JHEP 0008:051, 2000 (arXiv:hep-th/0008016)

  • Sumit R. Das, Antal Jevicki, Samir D. Mathur, Vibration modes of giant gravitons, Phys.Rev. D63 (2001) 024013 (arXiv:hep-th/0009019)

  • Sumit R. Das, Antal Jevicki, Samir Mathur, Giant Gravitons, BPS bounds and Noncommutativity, Phys.Rev. D63 (2001) 044001 (arXiv:hep-th/0008088)

  • Julian Lee, Tunneling between the giant gravitons in AdS 5×S 5AdS_5 \times S^5, Phys.Rev. D64 (2001) 046012 (arXiv:hep-th/0010191)

  • Jin Young Kim, Y.S. Myung, Vibration modes of giant gravitons in the background of dilatonic D-branes, Phys.Lett. B509 (2001) 157-162 (arXiv:hep-th/0103001)

  • Vijay Balasubramanian, Micha Berkooz, Asad Naqvi, Matthew Strassler, Giant Gravitons in Conformal Field Theory, JHEP 0204 (2002) 034 (arXiv:hep-th/0107119)

Specifically M2-M5 brane bound state giant gravitons are discussed in:

  • J. M. Camino, A. V. Ramallo, M-Theory Giant Gravitons with C field, Phys.Lett.B525:337-346, 2002 (arXiv:hep-th/0110096)

Last revised on January 12, 2020 at 16:08:19. See the history of this page for a list of all contributions to it.