# nLab anti de Sitter spacetime

Contents

### Context

#### Riemannian geometry

Riemannian geometry

## Applications

#### Gravity

gravity, supergravity

# Contents

## Definition

Up to isometry, the anti de Sitter spacetime of dimension $d$, $AdS_d$, is the pseudo-Riemannian manifold whose underlying manifold is the submanifold of the Minkowski spacetime $\mathbb{R}^{d-1,2}$ that solves the equation

$\sum_{i = 1}^{d-1} (x_i)^2 - (x_d)^ 2 - (x_0)^2 = -R^2$

for some $R \neq 0$ (the “radius” of the spacetime) and equipped with the metric induced from the ambient metric, where $\{x^0, x^1, x^2, \cdots, x^d\}$ denote the canonical coordinates. $AdS_d$ is homeomorphic to $\mathbb{R}^{d-1} \times S^1$, and its isometry group is $O(d-1, 2)$.

More generally, one may define the anti de Sitter space of signature $(p,q)$ as isometrically embedded in the space $\mathbb{R}^{p,q+1}$ with coordinates $(x_1, ..., x_p, t_1, \ldots, t_{q+1})$ as the sphere $\sum_{i=1}^p x_i^2 - \sum_{j=1}^{q+1} t_j^2 = -R^2$.

## Properties

### Coordinate charts

(…)

in horospheric coordinates the AdS metric tensor is

$g_{AdS} \;=\; \frac{1}{z^2} \left( g_{(\mathbb{R}^{p,1})} + (d z)^2 \right)$

In terms of

$y \coloneqq 1/z$

this becomes

$g_{AdS} \;=\; y^2 \, g_{(\mathbb{R}^{p,1})} + \frac{1}{y^2}(d y)^2$

and with

$y \coloneqq \tfrac{1}{n} r^n$

for $n \neq 0$

we get

$g_{AdS} \;=\; \tfrac{1}{n^2}r^{2n} \, g_{(\mathbb{R}^{p,1})} + \frac{1}{r^2}(d r)^2$

(…)

### Holography

Asymptotically anti-de Sitter spaces play a central role in the realization of the holographic principle by AdS/CFT correspondence.

Discussion of thermal Wick rotation on global anti-de Sitter spacetime (which is already periodic in real time) to Euclidean field theory with periodic imaginary time is in

Discussion of black holes in anti de Sitter spacetime:

• Hawking, Stephen W., and Don N. Page. “Thermodynamics of black holes in anti-de Sitter space.” Communications in Mathematical Physics 87.4 (1983): 577-588.

• M. Socolovsky, Schwarzschild Black Hole in Anti-De Sitter Space (arXiv:1711.02744)

• Peng Zhao, Black Holes in Anti-de Sitter Spacetime (pdf)

• Jakob Gath, The role of black holes in the AdS/CFT correspondence (pdf)