Langlands program



The (classical) Langlands program is a modern extension of some ideas of Kronecker and Weber in number theory, relating automorphic forms and Galois representations, and pioneered by Robert Langlands.

There is now a deep analogue for function fields, the geometric Langlands program pioneered by Beilinson and Drinfeld. See there for more details.


A good survey is in

  • Mark Goresky, Langlands’ conjectures for physicists (pdf)

(which however, despite the title, has nothing in it that is particularly related to physics).

See also

  • Stephen Gelbart, An elementary introduction to the Langlands program, Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. (N.S.) 10 (1984), no. 2, 177–219; Edward Frenkel, Commentary on “An elementary introduction to the Langlands Program” by Steven Gelbart, Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. 48 (2011), 513-515, abstract, pdf
  • the digital archive of Robert Langlands’ articles at

Revised on September 9, 2013 14:24:43 by Urs Schreiber (