#
nLab
finite number

The cardinality of a finite set is a *finite number*.

## Category of finite numbers

Let’s identify finite numbers with elements of $\mathbb{N}$.

$\mathbb{N}$ can be made into a category $FNumb$ with hom-sets $FNumb[n,p]=\{\bullet\}$ if $n \le p$ and $FNumb[n,p]= \emptyset$ else.

## Cardinality functor

Write $MonoFSet$ for the wide subcategory of $FSet$ with objects finite sets and morphisms injections.

We then have the cardinality functor $|.|: MonoFSet \rightarrow FNumb$ which associates its number of elements to every finite set.

This functor verifies the following properties:

- $|A \times B| = |A|.|B|$
- $|f \times g| = |f|.|g|$
- $|A \sqcup B| = |A|+|B|$
- $|f \sqcup g| = |f|+|g|$
- $|\emptyset| = 0$

Last revised on July 30, 2022 at 15:33:12.
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