and
Given two topological spaces $X$, $Y$ one may ask for the rational homotopy type of their mapping space $Maps(X,Y)$. Under good conditions this is a nilpotent space of finite type and hence admits a Sullivan model from which its rationalized homotopy groups and its rational cohomology groups may be read off.
See at Sullivan model of free loop space.
We discuss results on the rational homotopy type of spaces of maps into an n-sphere, hence rational Cohomotopy cocycle spaces.
(rational homotopy type of space of maps from n-sphere to itself)
Let $n \in \mathbb{N}$ be a natural number and $f\colon S^n \to S^n$ a continuous function from the n-sphere to itself. Then the connected component $Maps_f\big( S^n, S^n\big)$ of the space of maps which contains this map has the following rational homotopy type:
where $deg(f)$ is the degree of $f$.
Moreover, under the canonical morphism expressing the canonical action of the special orthogonal group $SO(n+1)$ on $S^n = S\big( \mathbb{R}^{n+1}\big)$ (regarded as the unit sphere in $(n+1)$-dimensional Cartesian space) we have that on ordinary homology
the generator in $\left\{ \array{ H_{2n+1}\big( SO(n+1), \mathbb{Q} \big) \simeq \mathbb{Q} &\vert& n\, \text{even} \\ H_{n}\big( SO(n+1), \mathbb{Q} \big) \simeq \mathbb{Q} &\vert& n\, \text{odd} } \right.$ maps to the fundamental class of the respective spheres in (1), all other generators mapping to zero.
(Møller-Raussen 85, Example 2.5, Cohen-Voronov 05, Lemma 5.3.5)
See at Sullivan model of a spherical fibration for more on this.
(rational cohomology of iterated loop space of the 2k-sphere)
Let
(hence two positive natural numbers, one of them required to be even and the other required to be smaller than the first) and consider the D-fold loop space $\Omega^D S^n$ of the n-sphere.
Its rational cohomology ring is the free graded-commutative algebra over $\mathbb{Q}$ on one generator $e_{n-D}$ of degree $n - D$ and one generator $a_{2n - D - 1}$ of degree $2n - D - 1$:
(by this Prop. at Sullivan model of based loop space; see also Kallel-Sjerve 99, Prop. 4.10)
For the edge case $\Omega^D S^D$ the above formula does not apply, since $\Omega^{D-1} S^D$ is not simply connected (its fundamental group is $\pi_1\big( \Omega^{D-1}S^D \big) = \pi_0 \big(\Omega^D S^D\big) = \pi_D(S^D) = \mathbb{Z}$, the 0th stable homotopy group of spheres).
But:
The rational model for $\Omega^D S^D$ follows from Prop. by realizing the pointed mapping space as the homotopy fiber of the evaluation map from the free mapping space:
This yields for instance the following examples.
In odd dimensions:
In even dimensions:
(In the following $h_{\mathbb{K}}$ denotes the Hopf fibration of the division algebra $\mathbb{K}$, hence $h_{\mathbb{C}}$ denotes the complex Hopf fibration and $h_{\mathbb{H}}$ the quaternionic Hopf fibration.)
Examples of Sullivan models in rational homotopy theory:
Discussion of Sullivan models and models via L-∞ algebra for spaces of maps:
Samuel Bruce Smith, Rational evaluation subgroups, Math Z (1996) 221: 387 (doi:10.1007/BF02622121)
Gregory Lupton, Samuel Bruce Smith, Rationalized Evaluation Subgroups of a Map and the Rationalized G-Sequence (arXiv:math/0309432)
Ralph Cohen, Alexander Voronov, Notes on string topology (arXiv:math/0503625)
Urtzi Buijs, Aniceto Murillo, Basic constructions in rational homotopy theory of function spaces, Annales de l’Institut Fourier, Volume 56 (2006) no. 3, p. 815-838 (doi:10.5802/aif.2201)
Micheline Vigué-Poirrier, Rational formality of function spaces, Journal of Homotopy and Related Structures 2.1 (2007): 99-108 (arXiv:0706.2977)
Gregory Lupton, Samuel Bruce Smithm, Rationalized evaluation subgroups of a map I: Sullivan models, derivations and $G$-sequences, Journal of Pure and Applied Algebra, Volume 209, Issue 1, April 2007, Pages 159-171 (doi:10.1016/j.jpaa.2006.05.018)
Gregory Lupton, Samuel Bruce Smith, Whitehead products in function spaces: Quillen model formulae, J. Math. Soc. Japan, Volume 62, Number 1 (2010), 49-81. (arXiv:0812.1829, euclid:jmsj/1265380424)
Urtzi Buijs, Aniceto Murillo, The rational homotopy Lie algebra of function spaces, Comment. Math. Helv. 83 (2008), 723–739 (pdf)
J.-B. Gatsinzi, A model for function spaces, Topology and its Applications, Volume 168, 15 May 2014, Pages 153-158 (doi:10.1016/j.topol.2014.02.021)
J.-B. Gatsinzi, Rational Gottlieb Group of Function Spacesof Maps into an Even Sphere, International Journal of Algebra, Vol. 6, 2012, no. 9, 427 - 432 (pdf)
Alexander Berglund, Rational homotopy theory of mapping spaces via Lie theory for $L_\infty$ algebras, Homology, Homotopy and Applications, Volume 17 (2015) Number 2 (arXiv:1110.6145, doi:10.4310/HHA.2015.v17.n2.a16)
Urtzi Buijs, Yves Félix, Aniceto Murillo, $L_\infty$-rational homotopy of mapping spaces, published as $L_\infty$-models of based mapping spaces, J. Math. Soc. Japan Volume 63, Number 2 (2011), 503-524 (arXiv:1209.4756, doi:10.2969/jmsj/06320503)
Discussion of rational Cohomotopy cocycle spaces:
Jesper Møller, Martin Raussen, Rational Homotopy of Spaces of Maps Into Spheres and Complex Projective Spaces, Transactions of the American Mathematical Society Vol. 292, No. 2 (Dec., 1985), pp. 721-732 (jstor:2000242)
J.-B. Gatsinzi, Rational Gottlieb Group of Function Spacesof Maps into an Even Sphere, International Journal of Algebra, Vol. 6, 2012, no. 9, 427 - 432 (pdf)
On the rational cohomology of iterated loop spaces of n-spheres:
A spectral sequence computing the rational homotopy of mapping spaces:
based on
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