nLab
precision experiment

Contents

Context

Fields and quanta

fields and particles in particle physics

and in the standard model of particle physics:

force field gauge bosons

scalar bosons

matter field fermions (spinors, Dirac fields)

flavors of fundamental fermions in the
standard model of particle physics:
generation of fermions1st generation2nd generation3d generation
quarks (qq)
up-typeup quark (uu)charm quark (cc)top quark (tt)
down-typedown quark (dd)strange quark (ss)bottom quark (bb)
leptons
chargedelectronmuontauon
neutralelectron neutrinomuon neutrinotau neutrino
bound states:
mesonslight mesons:
pion (udu d)
ρ-meson (udu d)
ω-meson (udu d)
f1-meson
a1-meson
strange-mesons:
ϕ-meson (ss¯s \bar s),
kaon, K*-meson (usu s, dsd s)
eta-meson (uu+dd+ssu u + d d + s s)

charmed heavy mesons:
D-meson (uc u c, dcd c, scs c)
J/ψ-meson (cc¯c \bar c)
bottom heavy mesons:
B-meson (qbq b)
ϒ-meson (bb¯b \bar b)
baryonsnucleons:
proton (uud)(u u d)
neutron (udd)(u d d)

(also: antiparticles)

effective particles

hadrons (bound states of the above quarks)

solitons

in grand unified theory

minimally extended supersymmetric standard model

superpartners

bosinos:

sfermions:

dark matter candidates

Exotica

auxiliary fields

Contents

Idea

In particle physics experiments, there tends to be a dichotomy between direct detection at high energy and indirect detection via high precision.

Traditionally, direct high energy experiments have been dominating the field since the discovery of heavy quarks in large accelerator experiments, culminating in the discovery of the Higgs boson at the LHC experiment. Here the particle being detected is an actual decay product of the scattering process.

But heavy fundamental particles, whose mass may be beyond that of direct reaction products obtained in a given accelerator experiment, may still manifest themselves indirectly, as virtual particles contributing to loop corrections of the scattering amplitudes of all lighter particles to which they couple. Therefore, sufficiently precise measurement of particle reaction at low energy may still reveal the presence and properties of particles at (much) higher energy.

An example for a potential effect seen in precision experiments are the flavour anomalies in B-meson decays at various experiments, including the LHCb experiment, Belle experiment and BaBar experiment.

Since, at the same time, the LHC experiment has not made any further direct detection, beyond the Higgs boson, it has been argued that indirect precision experiments will or should gain in importance in the future of particle physics.

References

General:

In view of potential leptoquarks:

  • I. Doršner, S. Fajfer, A. Greljo, J. F. Kamenik, N. Košnik, Physics of leptoquarks in precision experiments and at particle colliders, Physics Reports Volume 641, 17 June 2016, Pages 1-68 (arXiv:1603.04993)

In view of flavour anomalies:

  • Rafael Aoude, Tobias Hurth, Sophie Renner, William Shepherd, The impact of flavour data on global fits of the MFV SMEFT (arXiv:2003.05432)

Created on October 20, 2020 at 07:01:49. See the history of this page for a list of all contributions to it.