Given a set $X$, its diagonal function is a function from $X$ to its cartesian square $X^2$, often denoted $\Delta_X$, $\check{X}$, or an obvious variation.

Specifically, the **diagonal function** of $X$ maps an element $a$ of $X$ to the pair $(a,a)$:

$\Delta_X = \{ a \mapsto (a,a) \} .$

Note that this map is an injection, so it defines a subset of $X^2$, also called the diagonal of $X$; this is the origin of the term.

The concept can be generalised to any category in which the product $X^2$ exists; see diagonal morphism.

A topological space $X$ is Hausdorff if and only if its diagonal function is a closed map; this fact can be generalised to other notions of space.

The characteristic function of the diagonal function is the Kronecker delta.

Last revised on August 15, 2014 at 09:21:42. See the history of this page for a list of all contributions to it.