Contents

category theory

# Contents

## In category theory

### Definition

Let $H\colon A ⇸B$ be a profunctor, i.e. a functor $B^{op}\times A\to Set$. Its cograph, also called its collage, is the category $\bar{H}$ whose set of objects is the disjoint union of the sets of objects of $A$ and $B$, and where

\begin{aligned} \bar{H}(a_1,a_2) &= A(a_1,a_2)\\ \bar{H}(b_1,b_2) &= B(b_1,b_2)\\ \bar{H}(b,a) &= H(b,a)\\ \bar{H}(a,b) &= \emptyset \end{aligned}

where composition is defined as in $A$, $B$, and according to the actions of $A$ and $B$ on $H$.

The cograph of a functor is the special case when $H$ is a “representable profunctor” of the form $B(f-,-)$ for some functor $f\colon A\to B$.

### Properties

The cograph of a profunctor can be given a universal property: it is the lax colimit of that profunctor, considered as a single arrow in the bicategory of profunctors. (The word “collage” is also sometimes used more generally for any lax colimit, especially in a $Prof$-like bicategory.) The cograph of a profunctor is also a cotabulation? in the proarrow equipment of profunctors. Furthermore, the cospans $A\to \bar{H} \leftarrow B$ which are cographs of profunctors can be characterized as the two-sided codiscrete cofibrations in the 2-category Cat.

Cographs of profunctors can also be characterized as categories equipped with a functor to the interval category $(0\to 1)$, where $B$ is the fiber over $0$ and $A$ is the fiber over $1$. See Distributors and barrels.

## In $(\infty,1)$-category theory

The notion of a cograph of a profunctor generalizes to (∞,1)-category theory.

### Definition

###### Definition

For $C$ and $D$ two (∞,1)-categories a correspondence between them is an $(\infty,1)$-category $p : K \to \Delta[1]$ over the interval category $\Delta[1] = \{0 \to 1\}$ with an equivalences $K_0 \simeq C$ and $K_1 \simeq D$.

This appears as (Lurie, def 2.3.1.3).

### Properties

###### Proposition

There is a canonical bijection between equivalence classes of correspondences between $C$ and $D$ and equivalence classes of (∞,1)-profunctors, i.e., (∞,1)-functors

$C^{op} \times D \to \infty Grpd$

from the product of $D$ with the opposite-(∞,1)-category of $C$ to ∞Grpd.

This appears as (Lurie, remark 2.3.1.4).

Therefore the correspondence corresponding to a profunctor is its cograph/collage.

###### Proposition

An $(\infty,1)$-profunctor comes from an ordinary (∞,1)-functor $F : C \to D$ precisely if its cograph $p : K \to \Delta[1]$ is not just an inner fibration but a coCartesian fibration.

And it comes from a functor $G : D \to C$ precisely if it is a Cartesian fibration. And precisely if both is the case is $F$ the right adjoint (∞,1)-functor to $G$.

Because by the (∞,1)-Grothendieck construction

• coCartesian fibrations $K \to \Delta[1]$ correspond to (∞,1)-functors $\Delta[1] \to$ (∞,1)Cat;

• Cartesian fibrations $K \to \Delta[1]$ correspond to (∞,1)-functors $\Delta[1]^{op} \to$ (∞,1)Cat.

• and as discussed at adjoint (∞,1)-functor, an $(\infty,1)$-functor has an adjoint precisely if the coCartesian fibration corresponding to it is also Cartesian.

## References

For ordinary and enriched categories, cographs were studied (and used to characterize profunctors) by:

• Ross Street, “Fibrations in bicategories”

• Carboni and Johnson and Street and Verity, “Modulated bicategories”

The $(\infty,1)$-category theoretic notion (“correspondence”) is the topic of section 2.3.1 of

See Ross Street’s post in category-list 2009, Re: pasting along an adjunction.

Last revised on March 25, 2019 at 02:50:23. See the history of this page for a list of all contributions to it.