topos theory

# Contents

## Definition

Let $(X, \mathcal{O}_X)$ be a ringed space. Consider the subsheaf of sets $\mathcal{S} \subset \mathcal{O}_X$ of the structure sheaf such that for each open subset $U \subset X$, $\Gamma(U, \mathcal{S})$ consists of only the regular sections of $\mathcal{O}_X$ over $U$, i.e. those elements of $\Gamma(U, \mathcal{O}_X)$ which are not zero divisors. Consider the presheaf of rings on $X$

(1)$U \quad\mapsto\quad \Gamma(U, \mathcal{O}_X)[\Gamma(U, \mathcal{S})^{-1}]$

which assigns to $U$ the ring of fractions? of $\Gamma(U, \mathcal{O}_X)$ with denominators in $\Gamma(U, \mathcal{S})$; its sheafification $\mathcal{M}_X$ is called the sheaf of (germs of) meromorphic functions on $X$. The sections of $\mathcal{M}_X$ over $X$ are called the meromorphic functions on X and we denote this ring $M(X) = \Gamma(X, \mathcal{M}_X)$.

## Properties

###### Proposition

For every open subset $U \subset X$ there is a canonical isomorphism between $\mathcal{M}_U$ and the restriction of $\mathcal{M}_X$ to $U$.

###### Proposition

For every point $x \in X$ there is a canonical isomorphism between the stalk $\mathcal{M}_{X,x}$ and $\mathcal{O}_{X,x}[\mathcal{S}_x^{-1}]$.

## References

Revised on July 7, 2014 02:42:43 by David Roberts (82.245.53.167)