In a symmetric monoidal category, a bimonoid (or bimonoid object) is an object equipped with a structure of a monoid and a comonoid which are compatible in one of two equivalent ways: the comultiplication and the counit are morphisms of monoids or the multiplication and the unit are morphisms of comonoids. The symmetry of the monoidal structure is involved in the definition of the tensor product as monoids and as comonoids.
It is interesting how to generalize this notion in various nonsymmetric situations, for example involving braidings, or in relative situations over noncommutative rings (e.g. Takeuchi bialgebroids). In the completely noncommutative situation of the monoidal category of endofunctors, one can look at various compatibilities between monads and comonads or monads and tensor products, for example involving distributive laws.
As far as compatibility with tensor product is concerned, there is a notion of a bimonad and involves a version of distributive laws, hence it is related to a lifting problem:
I. Moerdijk, Monads on tensor categories, Category theory 1999 (Coimbra), J. Pure Appl. Algebra 168 (2002), no. 2-3, 189–208 (MR2003e:18012)
Kornél Szlachányi, The monoidal Eilenberg–Moore construction and bialgebroids, J. Pure Appl. Algebra 182, no. 2–3 (2003) 287–315.
For a dual version see
There is also a more subtle notion also called Hopf monad in
In some of these generalized cases, one does not have a good notion of of antipode, so that the difference between bimonoids and Hopf monoids has to be stated in different terms. A similar case is in the case of Hopf algebroids and bialgebroids where there are natural general notions not involving antipodes:
B. Day, R. Street, Monoidal bicategories and Hopf algebroids, Advances in Mathematics, 129, 1 (1997) 99–157
G. Böhm, An alternative notion of Hopf algebroid; in “Hopf algebras in noncommutative geometry and physics”, 31–53, Lecture Notes in Pure and Appl. Math., 239, Dekker, New York, 2005; math.QA/0301169