# nLab augmentation ideal

### Context

#### Algebra

higher algebra

universal algebra

group theory

# Contents

## Idea

For $R \hookrightarrow A$ an associative algebra over a ring $R$ equipped with the structure of an augmented algebra $\epsilon \colon A \to R$, the augmentation ideal is the kernel of $\epsilon$.

Specifically for $G$ a group, and $R[G]$ its group algebra over a ring $R$, the augmentation ideal is the ideal in $R[G]$ which consists of those formal linear combinations over $R$ of elements in $G$ whose sum of coefficients vanishes in $R$.

## Examples

### For group algebras

Let $G$ be a discrete group and $R$ a ring. Write $R[G]$ for the group algebra of $G$ over $R$.

###### Definition

Write

$\epsilon \colon \mathbb{Z}[G] \to \mathbb{Z}$

for the homomorphism of abelian groups which forms the sum of $R$-coefficients of the formal linear combinations that constitute the group ring

$\epsilon \colon r \mapsto \sum_{g \in G} r_g \,.$

This is called the augmentation map. Its kernel

$ker(\epsilon) \hookrightarrow \mathbb{Z}[G]$

is the augmentation ideal of $\mathbb{Z}[G]$.

## Properties

### General

###### Proposition

The augmentation ideal is indeed a left and right ideal in $R[G]$.

### For group algebras

###### Proposition

The $R$-module underlying the augmentation ideal of a group algebra is a free module, free on the set of elements

$\{ g - e | g \in G,\; g \neq e \}$

in $R[G]$.

Revised on October 14, 2012 18:48:41 by Tim Porter (95.147.237.39)